of Duke Divinity School,
is a well-known evangelical author. He wrote The Moral Vision Of The New Testament, in which he defends the anti-gay viewpoint. Yet in spite of the fact that he regards all gay relationships as sinful, Dr. Hayes admits that:
the S@dom story “is actually irrelevant to the topic." [of homosexuality].
According to Dr. Hayes, the attempted gang rape in Genesis 19 shows the depravity of the Canaanite people who lived in the cities of the plain but:
"there is nothing in the passage pertinent to a judgment about the morality of consensual homosexual intercourse."
From Dr. Richard Hayes, in an article entitled, “Awaiting the Redemption of Our Bodies”.
of Pittsburg Theological Seminary
prominent anti-gay author, admits the same thing in, The Bible And Homosexual Practice.
Although he too believes all gay relationships are sinful, on page 71 of his book, Dr. Gagnon tells us, The S@dom story in Genesis 19 is usually viewed by modern Christians as the classic Bible story about homosexuality.
"However, to the extent that the story does not deal directly with consensual homosexual relationships, it is not an “ideal” text to guide contemporary Christian sexual ethics.”
expresses a similar view. Writing on page 23 of the book, Faithful Conversation - Christian Perspectives On Homosexuality, Dr. Powell says concerning the rape stories in Genesis 19 and Judges 19:
"Such stories reflect a mindset that regards the rape of men by other men as abhorrent, but with regard to current questions concerning homosexuality, these texts have little to offer.
The stories speak only of the sin of homosexual rape and say nothing at all about consensual relations between persons of the same sex."
of Claremont Graduate University, Claremont CA
Dr. Brownlee, 1917-1983, an internationally renowned expert on the Hebrew language and the Dead Sea Scrolls said about the S@dom story:
"The oppression of the stranger is the basic element of Genesis 19:1-9 [and] ‘sodomy’ in Genesis is basically oppression of the weak and helpless."
- Dr. William Brownlee, Professor of Religion at the Claremont Graduate School and Professor of Old Testament at the School of Theology, Claremont, California.
"The context demonstrates that the demand of the men of S@dom was to have intercourse with the angels. This is evident in Lot's attempt to appease their desire to "know" the angels by offering them his two daughters who have never "known" (yada') a man (Gen. 19:8)...
Similarly, in Judges 19:23, when the men of Gibeah demand to "know" (yada') the stranger, his host offers them his own virgin daughter and the visitor's concubine. The concubine is given over to the men who "know" (yada') her all night. The clear meaning here is rape. Thus, the obvious conclusion is that yada' is used consistently in both instances to refer to sexual intercourse...
Thus, the sin of the two groups of men in Sodom and Gibeah is, in both instances, the desire to engage in homosexual rape. But there is validity in connecting this sin to the violation of the norm of hospitality. There is weight to the suggestion that the desire to rape the visitors is less the expression of homosexual desire and activity per se, and more the use of forcible homosexual rape to express dominance over the strangers. This practice occurred in the Ancient Middle East when armies were defeated, and it occurs today in certain all-male settings, such as prisons.
This is supported by the fact that in both instances, when women were offered to the men, both groups of men initially rejected the offer. The conclusion, more clearly for Sodom than for Gibeah, is that the goal of homosexual rape is the male inhabitants' desire to express their dominance over the strangers."
- Dr. Gene Haas, D. Th., Professor of Religion and Theology, Redeemer University College, Ancaster, Ontario, Canada, in a Global Journal article: Hermeneutical Issues in the use of the Bbile to justify the acceptance of homosexual practice.
"Pro-gay theologians are correct in saying that this passage [Genesis 19] does not provide a strong argument [for] prohibiting all homosexual acts."
Thank you Drs. Hayes, Gagnon, Powell, Brownlee and Haas and thank you Bob Davies of Exodus International. This testimony from respected, theologically conservative, anti-gay evangelical scholars is astonishing and quite welcome.
When leading, conservative evangelicals admit in writing, that the Genesis 19 story is not about homosexuality, that is a huge step forward.
Consider the following. Leading conservative anti-gay evangelicals admit that the S@dom story is not about:
That lends support to our Bible believing gay Christian views on Genesis 19.
Gay Christian 101 - Spiritual Self-Defense For Gay Christians points out similar information from ancient Jewish prophets in the Bible and from extra-Biblical Jewish writers and ancient Christian preachers, concerning all of the "clobber passages."
Did you know that in the Bible:
That is one strong and logical reason the ancient Jews, for almost 1800 years after the destruction of S@dom, did NOT link the S@dom story to Homosexuality.
Our powerful new, 390 page book is like a college course: Gay Christian 101 - Spiritual Self-Defense For Gay Christians.